|Similarities & differences|
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In his book Chinese Boxing, Robert Smith asserts that taijiquan practitioners never used to think of their art in terms of a given recognised style. A student would simply say that they did 'taijiquan'.
No further elaboration was expected. Nowadays, people practice orthodox styles of taijiquan, often training numbered forms. What has changed, and why?
Faced with a health crisis, the People's Republic commissioned the creation of a simplified taijiquan exercise sequence that would be relatively easy to learn and good for health.
This was 24 step tai chi (it looks like a tai chi/yoga hybrid). Please note that this was not a system or style of taijiquan. It was merely a sequence of movements.
It was deliberately devoid of martial and unpolitical Taoist influences.
With the invention of 24 step tai chi, people began to see taijiquan in terms of merely being a sequence of moves. Many aspects of the training were set aside.
More numbered forms emerged over the years; with the emphasis placed upon accurate, dance-like rendition of the patterns.
Aesthetically pleasing and conventional, this new approach to taijiquan was to become the dominant standard in China.
Before the creation of 24 step tai chi, the art had been passed down through families and taijiquan schools.
Every teacher passed on what they knew and added their own insights and preferences to the art. A diverse range of tai chi approaches existed.
Unlike Japanese martial arts (which often seek to follow a standardised syllabus and method of teaching) tai chi was taught in a more haphazard, piecemeal manner.
Martially, this was good; no two schools trained quite the same art, and different teachers emphasised their own unique values and predilections.
However, the drawback with the traditional method was that not all teachers were forthcoming. Many high-level fighting skills died with the chief instructor of the school.
Following a numbered form pattern may appear to be a good method because it assures the accurate continuity of the sequence.
People learn how to do the correct movements in the correct order. Like a wind-up doll... But taijiquan is more than form.
You must also know the biomechanical principles behind the movements and the way of using the body must conform to the internal way.
The martial purpose, strategy, skills and precepts within every nuance, step and movement must also be fully understood. Can such knowledge be rendered through copying? Through blind uniformity?
One question facing modern students is whether or not their named style is accurate or not. The form may follow an accepted pattern. The method of execution may be correct.
The applications may be in keeping with the style and the taijiquan way of doing things. But is this exactly how the founder performed their art?
If a student claimed to be training the Yang Cheng Fu style of taijiquan, is this true? Did the student personally study with Yang Cheng Fu himself?
Do they know what his personality, fighting skills, preferences and applications were? Does their taijiquan represent an accurate reflection of Yang Cheng Fu's whole art or just his form?
There is no surviving film footage showing the entirety of Yang Cheng Fu's taijiquan system. Nobody really knows quite what he trained, how and why.
Who knows quite how much of his art he chose to share.
Yes, you can read many books about Yang Cheng Fu and learn from various Yang-style teachers... but is this the same as hands-on training with the man?
As Robert Smith points out in Chinese Boxing, you are in fact training your art, your style.
John's taijiquan. Sheila's taijiquan. It is highly unlikely that you are in any way representing Yang Cheng Fu's taijiquan. No matter how scholarly or earnest or well meaning you are.
We train taijiquan to the best of our own understanding and ability. The final product reflects our own strengths, our weaknesses, our personality and our own range of fighting skills.
There is no shame in this. It is simply the fact.
Should we all do taijiquan in the exact same way? Like the 24 step? Not unless you really want to. Remember: the 24 step is a form. Taijiquan is much more than just form.
Socialist tai chi
24 step tai chi was developed in a time when China was under socialist rule.
According to Robert Smith the aim was to be create an exercise pattern that broke from ancient Taoist tradition and contained no martial value.
In Communist China, uniformity, conformity, orthodoxy and sameness were encouraged. This was no place for individual expression.
Bickering about styles?
There is really no such thing as good or bad taijiquan. One style is no better or worse than another.
What matters is the individual and how skilfully they can manifest the essence of the art. And whether or not their training is actually taijiquan at all...
The essence of the art
Slow-motion movement is not taijiquan. To qualify as taijiquan, your training must adhere to the principles and precepts of the art.
Taijiquan is the art described in The Tai Chi Classics. It is the art of Yang Lu-chan. Can your art be applied martially? To whose standard? Yours? Or that of the Manchu emperor?
Style is unimportant. Form numbers are unimportant. What matters is how well you adhere to the essence of the art:
Move your body in accord with The Tai Chi Classics
Train all 13 areas of study
Follow Yang's 10 Essentials
Maintain medically-sound body use
Functionally apply the art in a skilful 'taijiquan' way
Employ the taijiquan principles at all times
Embody the teachings of Taoism
13 postures should be expressed at all times
Every movement is a whole-body movement
A high standard of fitness is necessary
Providing these criteria are met, you have an immense degree of freedom for
personal expression and individual
An honest picture
Why are there so many different schools of taijiquan in the world? And is everyone doing the art the same way? People are doing their own thing. Conformity never really caught on.
Diversity is healthy
Sameness is stagnant. Would you really want to live in a world where everyone was the same as you? Looked like you? Thought like you? Agreed with you? Shared your own tastes and values?
Diversity is good. It is healthy and interesting. It encourages innovation, growth and change. In terms of taijiquan... just remember to make sure that what you call 'taijiquan' is really taijiquan.
Page created 2 March 1995
Last updated 29 April 2021